There is no arguing the beauty and reverence of samurai swords. Their elegant and specific design has been poured over in movies and literature. Infamous for being able to cut down an enemy in one fell swoop, Samurai swords are one of top most sought after historical weapons in the world. Samurai swords, also referred to as Katana swords, are traditionally made from hand. Japanese blacksmith makers would mold metal in a hot forge with fine precision to make battle ready swords. Samurai sword enthusiasts have kept up the age old blacksmithing process in the face of technological metallurgy advances. Making these swords is not easy but with a little guidance any novice artisan can try their hand at fashioning a samurai sword of their very own. The following is useful samurai sword guide applicable in many areas.
Once you have prepared your forge, take a long piece of steel and heat it up.
If you are just starting out, you’ll want to start things off with a tanto sized bar of AISI 1050 steel. This will create a samurai of knife size. Once you get the hang of things you can attempt a customary samurai. Warm your bar of steel till it glows orange and red. The heat will make the steel soft enough to hammer down. Overcooking your metal bar may ruin your work. You’ll know things are getting too hot when the bar burns yellow or white. If you see sparks, that is pieces of steel being burned away.
Straighten out your metal by using a hammer.
Next, you will need to make the sharp tip to your samurai swords. In order to achieve this , you should heat all side of bar you need sharp tip . When it is completely heated the forge, pound off a slanting piece. The inclining should be able to make a sharply tip to your steel bar. Pound down to a point that it is immovably lined up with the bar’s spine. This will make a sharp edge and also coordinate the steel’s grain. Keep Straightening the cutting edge on both sides to a point that the metal turns out to be thin.
The samurai sword tang is the bottom of the blade that is fashioned with a holding grip. A samurai sword tang should be one third of your entire blade. Create your tang by filing down the end of your blade on both edges. You will need to file the bottom until it has shape like a “V”. You don’t want the bottom to have a sharp point, simply a shape easy to fashion a grip to will suffice.
After filing your tang, submerge your blade in vermiculite for eight hours.
Vermiculity is a saw dust like material that is popular among blacksmiths for cooling metal. The name comes from the look of the material which resembles vermicelli pasta. Once your blade is successfully cooled, you can begin coating your samurai sword with clay. The clay used to coat samurai swords is a mixture of red pottery clay, sodium hydroxide and some water. This is ground down and painted on fifty percent of the blade’s surface. Put on a coat of no more than two millimeters and make sure not to trap in any air bubbles or dents. Once coated, heat the blade until the sword has a low red glow. Make sure you don’t overheat the samurai sword at this step. If you have trouble seeing the red glow then dim the lights or use a dark bucket.
The clay coat allows the blade to be further cooled at two different speeds.
The uncoated part will cool faster making it harder. The process is called martensitic and happens when steel, which is made from iron and carbon, changes temperatures rapidly. Marten site is how samurai swords get their curve. Repeat the process to get an even meaner curve on your sword.
Use a hard piece of material to scrap off the remaining clay. When that is done, you will need to polish your hand-crafted samurai swords. It is known that traditional Japanese sword making apprentices train up to ten years before they can truly polish samurai swords. The ritualistic process includes special Japanese stones that vary in grittiness. With water one uses these stones against the blade to clean it of imperfections. Starting with the least gritty stones and working up to the grittiness ones, Japanese samurai swords polishing can be back breaking labour. Though, nothing worth anything was easy. Start your hand made sword collection by creating your very own Japanese samurai sword.