The world gem, pearls are revered as before written history. For this reason, their discovery cannot be credited to a single person in particular, but it’s thought that people searching for food along the seashore detected them. We all know that they have been employed as a form of adornment for millennia due to some fragment of pearl jewelry found in the sarcophagus of a Persian princess which dates back to 420 BC, which is on display at the Louvre at Paris.
Pearls were presented as gifts to Oriental royalty as early as 2300 BC, although at ancient Rome, pearl jewellery was regarded as the ultimate status symbol. So precious were the spherical gems that in the 1st century BC, Julius Caesar and a law passed to the ruling classes.
The prosperity of natural oyster beds from the Persian Gulf supposed that pearls also carried great value in Arab cultures, where legend stated that pearls were formed from dewdrops that were swallowed by oysters when they dropped to the sea. Before the advent of cultured pearls, the Persian Gulf was at the middle of the pearl trade and it was a source of wealth in the area before the discovery of oil.
With this kind of a long and ancient tradition, it is no wonder that, as time passes, the pearl became shrouded in myth and legend. In ancient China, while knights wore pearls about the battlefield, believing that the gemstones would keep them 39, pearl jewelry was believed to symbolise the innocence of the wearer. According to legend, a pearl crushed to show to Marc Antony she could provide the most expensive dinner in history.
Pearls are an important trade product since Roman times, and also the discovery of pearls at Central and South America in the 15th and 16th century led to the so called Pearl Age. Where women of royalty and nobility wore brooches, earrings, pearl bracelets and pearl necklacesdemand for pearl jewellery became so high that oyster supplies began to dwindle.
Unlike gemstones that are mined from the ground, a living organism generates a pearl and, in reality, their very existence is a freak of nature. A bead is formed when an irritant, such as a parasite or piece of shell, which becomes accidentally lodged in an oyster’s soft inside, making it to secrete a crystalline substance called nacre, which builds up around the dermis in layers until a pearl is formed. Cultured pearls are formed through precisely the procedure, the difference being that the irritant is implanted rather.
Until the start of the 20th century, the sole way of collecting pearls was by sailors risking their lives at depths of around 100ft to recover the bead. It turned out to be one which carried limited probability of success as only three or four quality pearls could throw up and also a pursuit. Freshwater molluscs residing in rivers and ponds were simpler to gather, but these pearl beds were reserved for harvesting by royalty. Now things have changed, MyPearls can show a great selecting of Pearl Rings.
Today, natural pearls are among the rarest of gems and their nearly completely depleted supply usually means that they are found very infrequently only from the waters away Bahrain and Australia. The lack of natural pearls is reflected in the prices they bring using earrings and pearl bracelets selling for record-breaking amounts.
Intense bidding wars also have erupted over high-quality all-natural pearl necklaces with all the winning bids running to several million dollars. Elizabeth Taylor’s famous La Peregrina 16th century pearl, which sold to US$11.8 million, is an instance in point. Unlike the shatterproof diamond, the creation of pure pearls is dependent upon clean seas. Virtually all pearl jewelry in the marketplace today is made using pearls which were cultivated and farmed.
The introduction of cultured pearls at the early 1900s resulted in the value of pearls that were natural and turned into the entire pearl sector on its mind. From 1935, there were 350 trophy farms in Japan, producing 10 million cultured pearls a calendar year, even though Mikimoto needed to constantly defend herself against accusations that his pearls were not “real”. The opposite was spoken to by the proof; the pearls possess the exact same properties as those formed in sea beds, the only difference was they had at getting the process 40, a helping hand.
Mikimoto’s Akoya pearls are still used today by the jewellery house that bears his name and are renowned for their brilliant lustre and rich colours, which range from white, cream and pink, to crimson pink.
Pearls can be found, or cultivated, in freshwater or saltwater and there are several unique types of pearls depending on what mollusc they originate from. Cultured freshwater pearls have been created in China as well as because of their prosperity, they are cheaper than their saltwater cousins. Saltwater pearls incorporate the Akoya in addition to Tahitian pearls, which originate from Tahiti and other islands. The latter include cream, white or gold colors with dimensions and is the largest of of the pearl kinds. A Tahitian pearl can also be known as a black pearl, although its colour spectrum also includes grey, blue, green and purple.Read about Tahitian pearls here.
Coloured pearls have been popular with both men and women as far back as the 17th century as well as in the past several years, these dark wonders of the sea have witnessed a resurrection, with a new production of fashion-conscious consumers embracing jewellery comprising colored pearls as a edgier alternative to the standard white pearl necklace.
“Baroque” is a phrase applied to pearls which are non-symmetrical, and these irregular shapes are somewhat more common in freshwater pearls. Baroque South Sea or Tahitian pearls are frequently utilised in modern jewellery to excellent effect while round pearls have become the most enviable.
Only speaking, oysters only create pearls, but some gems that are created in different molluscs also qualify for this moniker. These include incredibly infrequent, yellowish-orange Melo Melo pearls and oval-shaped conch pearls. Means of a substance composed of calcite forms all these pearls, and while they lack the iridescence of pearls, their beauty is not as spectacular.
Consequently, conch pearls are beneficial and a gem can draw up to US$120,000. Mikimoto lately launched a selection of conch pearl jewelry, as well as the distinctive pink pearls have also been incorporated into stones by the likes of Boucheron jewelry and Tiffany & Co..
Additionally incredibly beautiful and sought after are abalone pearls, which are one of the most popular in the world since they are not cultured and just discovered by chance in rocky, coastal waters.
In terms of their fashion currency, pearls have experienced something of a rough travel, especially in the latter half of the 20th century. From the 1920s, the style was reflected by pearl necklaces in the shape of strands that were simple for compact, unfussy designs. These extended bracelets would frequently measure over 30 inches and be adorned with a tassel for a pendant. Society ladies were shocked by her by teaming her pearls and blending the real object. Largely because of her endorsement, costume jewellery became lots of and popular girls wore fake pearl jewellery made out of Lucite or glass.
Inspired by Mademoiselle’s enthusiasm for the gem, in 2014 Chanel established a top jewellery collection dedicated to the timeless pearl. The Perles Swing collection, consisting of earrings, necklace and a pearl bracelet, is a mix of pastel-coloured South Sea, Tahitian and freshwater cultured pearls.
Jackie Kennedy is another pearl-wearing celebrity whose signature triple strand pearl necklace actually consisted of imitation stone made out of glass as opposed to the actual thing. Audrey Hepburn’s name is also interchangeable with pearls, make it a necklace or a pair of pearl earrings subtly accentuating her gamine features.
Somewhere around the 1980s pearls obtained a reputation as the preserve of elderly women in twinsets with blue-rinse hairdos. A number of top jewellery houses feature pearls inside their jewellery collections that are own high and designers such as Kova are also incorporating into modern jewellery designs them.
Like diamonds, the quality of a pearl is determined by various criteria for the dimensions, shape, colour and lustre. Since this decides not only the pearl’s lustre but also how much time it will last A significant factor to look out for is the depth of the nacre. Unlike the diamond that is more robust, pearls call for a bit of TLC to make sure they stay looking pristine. Pearl jewellery should be kept separately from diamonds to guarantee the stone doesn’t scratch at their face. We would recommend putting pearl stones to a cloth bag before placing them in the jewelry box. Elements such as perfume and maybe even sweat can dull a pearl lustre, therefore never spray wash the rings before putting them off and odor right onto them. In the instance of pearl necklaces, it is a fantastic idea to take them to a jeweller to assess whether they want re-stringing.
Traditionally, the pearls were celebrated for their uniformity in size and color but now it seems the more avant-garde, the greater. Pearls in vibrant colours and unusual shapes are being incorporated into unique jewels by jewellers famous for their creativity, for example Boghossian and Hemmerle, although YOKO London provides a remarkably broad palette of coloured pearls so vibrant it’s hard to believe they were shaped naturally – far removed from the traditional discreet white pearl studs gracing the ear lobes of women who lunch.